What is a Server and How Does it Work?

What is a Server

Do you know what a server is? Even if you do not know what the server is, but you must have heard about it.

If I still can’t remember, let me remind you. If you are a student, whenever you take the exam and go to see its results, then you must have noticed that the site is not opening to see your results.

In such a message, the server is very busy. You also find that the load has increased on this, so the result page is not opening.

The website we open is stored on the Internet for viewing results. On the day of the result, a lot of people come online to that page at the same time, and because of this, the result is a lot of traffic slowed by the website, which results in loading very slowly.

I think by now you must have understood that you have already heard this name, I will explain it by giving another example, you will often go to the bank.

Sometimes when going to the bank, you may have heard that the links have failed. And you cannot connect the bank with work on that day. This is also due to overload. Friends, you must have understood what we are going to talk about.

Today we will know how it works and what are the types of servers. Before that, let’s know what the server is?

What is a Server?

A Server is a computer, computer program, or device that sends information and data to other computers, which we call clients in the common language. Its main job is to serve all users on the Internet. A single server shares data and resources for multiple clients at once. Let us understand this with an example.


You should use Facebook and YouTube every day. Have you ever tried to know how you see all the Facebook profiles, videos, and photos that suddenly appear on your phone? Or how many movies and videos immediately start playing on YouTube. All this data is stored and kept somewhere. So when we want to watch a video and play it or open a Facebook page, this server stores data from that location and shows us immediately in our app or browser. When it is very strong, it transfers data faster. In this way, we can watch any webpage and online video from anywhere.

Servers are a kind of computer that can be anywhere in every corner of the world. Web hosting companies install them as per their convenience. Their capacity may vary. Websites that have a lot of traffic daily use dedicated servers.

You can also make your computer a server if you want. But you must have noticed that if we open Google, Fusbuk, YouTube anytime in 24 hours on the internet, it opens every time. This means that they never stop. Now tell me can you run your laptop and computer 24/7? Your answer will be no. We can use it in industridge, school, college, it is also called non-dedicated or LAN.

How Does the Server Work

To understand how the server works, we will use an example. Suppose you open Google and search by typing AllPhotos.in, a request will be generated based on what you typed, which will run on Facebook’s server via the Internet. On request, AllPhotos.in will search the server and send its data to your mobile or computer. In this way, you will be able to see the page of AllPhotos.in on your phone.

It helps us with all the work done on the internet. Whether it’s downloading a movie or watching a movie online. Apart from this, email to the message, online voice calls, video calls also does all these things. It passes all the data to us.

Among working servers, there are many factors that are associated with this entire process such as IP address, clients, domain names, ports, and protocols.

What are The Types of Server

Different servers are used as task wise. Some are dedicated to doing only one thing. Or multiple servers also perform only a single task simultaneously. Let us now know how many types it has.

Web Server

All data from all websites on the Internet is stored in a web server. Web servers display web pages to us through a web browser. Whenever a user opens a web browser like Chrome, Mozilla, Internet Explorer, and enters the address of a website, its request goes to the Web Server and it sends the data to the device through the web browser to the user.

Email Server

Such servers provide the service of sending and receiving messages via email. In this, user data is stored and kept. Also, it also gives a lot of space in which all messages are saved. This SMTP protocol is used.

Identity Server

Identity servers provide security and security services for registered users.

Ftp Server

Webmasters often use FTP to upload files from a computer to their website. Apart from this, we can also download and store the file of our website on our computer. Through FTP or File Transfer Protocol tools, it is useful to transfer all types of files.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is a server

A server is a computer that serves other computers and users. A server is also a computer program or device that performs a task.

2. What is FTP

FTP is a client program or Internet protocol, in which files or data are exchanged between two different computers via a TCP / IP connection.

3. What is the full form of FTP

FTP is a full-form file transfer protocol.

4. How to connect FTP client to server

Use the FTP client to transfer data from the website. A lot of FTP client software is available on the Internet for free. After creating a connection to the server through the server’s IP address, you can use it to exchange data.

Examples of some FTP client software

  • Cyberduck
  • Filezilla
  • FireFTP
  • WinSCP
  • Transmitted

5. What is SMTP

SMTP is an Internet standard that is used for email transmission. Mail servers use SMTP to receive and send mail messages.

6. What is the full form of SMTP

SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.

In short

How did you like this post server? Often we hear this word around us but never notice it. By the way, students doing computer related courses want to know about it and want to know about it in detail. And they also die while studying.

In this post, you learned what a server is and how it works? In addition, they have also come to know how different they are. Today, organizations, companies, colleges, industries all have their own network. And all use it according to themselves. I hope you find this post helpful.

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